•  Integrated Lab Science Syllabus:

    Unit 1: Introduction to Science

    • Classroom Introduction/What is Science?
    • Lab Safety
    • Metric System
    • The Scientific Method
    • Graphing (Different types of graphs, construction of graphs and interpreting graphs)
    • Motion & Speed
    • Velocity and Acceleration
    • Scientific Notation using Astronomical Distances
    • Different Types of Distances Measured in Space (AU, LY, parsec)
    • Measuring Distances in Space (Parallax)

    Unit 2: The Universe and Its Stars

    Part 1 - The Universe

    • History of Astronomy/Galileo/Instrumentation (telescopes), Electromagnetic Spectrum
    • Our Place in the Universe, The Size of the Universe (cosmic horizon)
    • Galaxy Classification & Superclusters
    • The Shape of the Universe, Cosmology (Inflation, Big Bang)
    • Matter, Dark Matter, & Energy
    • Evidence for the Big Bang (microwave background, red shift, composition of galaxies)
    • Atoms (Hydrogen and Helium)
    • Timeline of the Big Bang & Universe 

    Part 2 – Stars

    • Composition of Stars
    • Star Color, Temperature, Mass and Size of Stars
    • Luminosity (Magnitude, Standard Candle)
    • Our Star (The Sun) and Parts of the Sun
    • Life of the Cycle of Stars (nuclear fusion)
    • Supernova - Neutron Stars, White Dwarfs, Red Giants, Singularities
    • Nucleosynthesis

    Part 3 - Chemistry

    • Atomic Theory
    • Periodic table
    • Electron Configuration
    • Electronegativity predicting chemical reactions

    Unit 3: The Solar System

     Part 1 - Welcome to the Solar System

    • Formation of the Solar System (Nebular Hypothesis; conservation of momentum), Protosun and Planetesimals, Planet formation
    • Map of Solar System

    Part 2 - Physics

    • Heliocentric & Geocentric, Retrograde Motion
    • Kepler’s Laws
    • Forces, Types of Forces
    • Gravity, Newton’s Apple
    • Mass vs Weight
    • Free Fall, Air Resistance

    Part 3 - The Planets and Man in Space

    • The Inner Planets: Mercury (peculiar terrain, solar wind stripped atmosphere), Venus (greenhouse effect, impact), Third rock from the sun, Mars (water)
    • The Outer Planets: Jupiter (gravity assist), Saturn (ring), Uranus, Neptune (impact)
    • Everything else: Dwarf planets, Pluto, Asteroids, Comets, Kuiper belt, Oort cloud, Meteorites
    • Moon(s), Phases of the Moon, Tides, Lunar and Solar Eclipses
    • History of Exploration of Space/ Space Missions/Satellites
    • Newton’s 1st Law – Inertia
    • Newton’s 2nd Law - F = M x A
    • Newton’s 3rd Law - Action Equal and Opposite (F=-F)
    • Errors in Space (Mars Lander - pros/cons of computers)

    Unit 4: The History of Earth

    • Welcome to Earth, Proto-Earth and Early History, (formation cold rocks to hot planet)
    • The Geologic Time Scale
    • Dating Earth (Relative Age Dating, Absolute Age Dating, Radioactive Decay)
    • Forming Crust and Continents (Pangea and other continental forms)
    • Forming the Atmosphere, Heat (current atmosphere created by life)
    • Forming Oceans
    • Types of Chemical Bonds (Ionic, Covalent, Hydrogen Bonds/Polarity)
    • Properties of Water (Adhesion/Cohesion, Surface Tension, Heat Capacity, Water as the Universal Solvent)
    • pH
    • The Goldilocks Planet (Why is water so important for life?)
    • The First Life Forms (Miller and Urey’s Experiment, Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic, Brief History of Life on Earth)
    • Chemical Reactions